Tuesday, July 05, 2005

Romans/Coritani and the Blackards/Judkins in England

It is very interesting that the geographic range of the genetically-similar Blackard and Judkins families in the 1500s in eastern England corresponds exactly with the range of an ancient Celtic tribe called the Coritani as shown in the following map. There are no written records to indicate where the two families were before 1500 so we can only assume this was their original territory. Celtic Tribes of Britain:The Coritani

The above webpage indicates that the Romans and Coritani tribe coexisted in this midlands area peacefully between 44 BCE and 410 CE. In fact they had a close relationship with the Romans, who they welcomed as protectors, and this may have lead to the survival of their family lines, whereas some other celtic tribes opposed with the Romans and were defeated. Romans' brutal crackdown on Celts

Based on this geographical evidence, I think we should consider the Romans and Coritani as the two most-probable ancestors of the Blackard family. However, because of our distinctive y-DNA type, this would require the Coritani to be genetically distinct from any other Celtic-speaking tribes in ancient Britain who have living descendents. But that is not outside the realm of possibility as some celtic tribe were thought to have come from the Black Sea area.

One coat of arms firm claims that the Judkins actually originated in Suffolk, Eng. This is interesting because the Coritani are thought to have been a spin-off group of the Iceni tribe of Suffolk.Celtic Tribes of Britain:The Iceni

The surnames Blackard and Judkins have nothing to do with either group because surnames did not develop in England until many centuries later.

There is a possible explanation for the low survival rate in the UK of the unique J2 y-DNA haplogroup to which the Blackards and Judkins belong. There were numerous large-scale population killoffs in this specific part of England at several different times in history, including: 1) the Roman invasion 2) the Saxon invasion 2) wars between Mercia and Northumbria which bordered the midland 3) the Viking invasions 4)numerous plague epidemics 5)resistance to the Normans 6)the 100 years war, and 7)the English Civil War.


Blogger katy23116 said...

I was reading all of this and I had a question. I know that the last name Blackard is not a common one of any sorts and I was wondering how big and extened the Blackard name goes. My name is Katy Blackard and my father is a Blackard and so on. I don't know if there is any relation, but I thought I would ask. Thanks

8:09 AM  

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