Friday, June 24, 2005

Possible Origin of the Name Black+ard

The Blackard family was first recorded in what was once a Danish-controlled part of eastern England. The vast majority of family surnames there have typical Danish endings like -by and -ton. For example: Willoughby, Ownby.

I studied a list genealogical of 3696 unique surnames found in Lincolnshire. Of those, a little over 30 had -ard endings which is less than 1%, but not neglibible. Therefore, I think it is possible that the family name was derived as follows:


It did not appear that any of these names came from Old French, Gaelic or Welsh/Irish Gaelic so I did not consider those possible name origins.
These were the potential Anglo-Saxon, Germanic, Danish or Norman words that resemble the word "black":
BLECCA - Anglo-Saxon given name; name of governor of Lincoln and founder of Grimsby
BLÆC- gen. m. n. blaces, f. blæcre; def. m. se blaca, f. n. blace: bleac; adj.
BLACK, swarthy; (Anglo-Saxon)
BLÆC- adj. Shining, pale, livid (Anglo-Saxon)
BLAC- adj. I. bright, shining;
BLEECKER/BLEEKER: Dutch. From Bleeker, a bleacher or whitener of linen. In Danish, bleger.
BLÆCAN - to bleach (Anglo-Saxon)

I found that the most-significant portion of the "ard" surnames were Anglo-Saxon in original and "ard" signified a protector, caretaker or guardian. A smaller group of -ard surnames were Germanic-Saxon in origin "ard" signified brave, bold or hard.

ANGLO-SAXON : ARD = guardian/caretaker
APPLEYARD = orchard + caretaker
DRAKARD : drake="dragon" or standard bearer".
EDWARDS = ead=prosperity + weard=guard.
FORWARD from Blleward = bull + guard
HOWARD = high or chief warden.
MILLWARD = appointed keeper of mill
SEWARD = one who kept the sea safe against pirates; a ward, a keeper
SHEPERD = sheep + caretaker
STEWARD = estate manager
STOTHARD : Old English stod = place to keep horses + hierde = herdsman
WOODWARD = a forest-keeper or officer

GERMANIC/SAXON : ARD = brave/bold/hard
BARNARD/BERNARD = bear + hard/bold/brave (Teut/Sax)
EVERARD - (Origin Saxon) Well reported, ever honored; or from Eberhardt, ever hard or enduring; or from Eber= a boar
GODDARD = God + hard/bold/brave; (origin: Ger.) God-like disposition. The name may be local, from Goddard, a mountain in Switzerland.
MAYNARD = powerful + hard/bold/brave

BLANCHARD - (French, English). "White," (Old French).
BULLARD = Having the disposition of a bull.
HANSARD - weapon maker or seller
HUBBARD = Hubert= bright-minded
IZZARD = Descendant of Isolde, meaning ice and battle.
LUARD = little wolf
POLLARD = pool + nearby dweller or bald man
REYNARD = pure + honest/incorrupt (reyn=Sax)(ard=Teut)
SINYARD/SYNYARD - Old English for singer

Principle Source: An Etymological Dictionary of Family and Christian Names With an Essay on their Derivation and Import; Arthur, William, M.A.; New York, NY: Sheldon, Blake, Bleeker & CO., 1857.


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